Article

01.03.2016

The tax regime for company cars explained

Since 2012, the benefit in kind for company cars has been calculated by applying a CO2 coefficient to the list value of the vehicle concerned.

How is the list value defined?

The list value is the actual list price of the new car including all optional extras when sold to a private individual plus the VAT actually paid. Any discounts, reductions or refunds that were obtained cannot be deducted from this amount when calculating the benefit obtained.

The CO2 coefficient

The value of the benefit in kind also depends on the CO2 emissions of the vehicle. The tax authorities apply a base percentage of 5.5% in this case. This percentage is applied to 6/7 of the list value.

The theoretical formula is then: 6/7 of the list value x 5.5%

Bonus/penalty

This was the theory in short. However, the government wishes to encourage the use of environmentally friendly cars. Accordingly, fuel-efficient vehicles benefit from a lower base percentage. The tax authorities use a so-called reference emission level for that purpose: 89 gram/kilometre for diesel cars, 107 gram/kilometre for petrol cars. Green cars with lower CO2 emissions are given a reduction of 0.1% on the basic rate for each gram less that they emit. The reverse also applies: cars with higher CO2 emissions are subject to a higher rate. Note: these changes to the base rate are limited. The reduction is limited to a minimum rate of 4%, and the increase is limited to a maximum rate of 18%.

  • In practice, the following formula applies to diesel cars:
    [list value x (5.5% + (0.1% x (CO2 - 89)))] x 6/7
  • For vehicles that run on petrol, LPG, and natural gas, the formula is:
    [list value x (5.5% + (0.1% x (CO2 - 107)))] x 6/7

The phased reduction eases the pain

A correction coefficient is applied to this list value depending on the age of the vehicle.

In the tax administration's first adjustment to the tax regime, it decided to take account of the vehicle's depreciation as it gets older. This was achieved with the introduction of a phased reduction of 6% per year from first registration.

Specifically, this means that the benefit in kind derived from the vehicle is taxed at:

  • 100% from 0 to 12 months
  • 94% from 13 to 24 months
  • 88% from 25 to 36 months
  • 82% from 37 to 48 months
  • 76% from 49 to 60 months
  • 70% from 61 months, where 70% is the minimum limit.

The value of the benefit in kind is added to the employee's taxable gross salary. If the employee pays a personal contribution for the private use of the car, this contribution is deducted from the value of the benefit in kind.

Benefits in kind and personal income tax

  • BMW 318d first registered in 2016 with a list value of €32,550 and CO2 emissions of 106 g. For 2016, the benefit in kind subject to taxation, calculated on the basis of the CO2 emissions and the list price, is €2,008.80 (32,550 x 6/7 x ((106-89) x 0.1) + 5.5%).
     
  • BMW X5 3.0d first registered in 2016 with a list value of €61,750 and CO2 emissions of 156 g. For 2016, the benefit in kind subject to taxation, calculated on the basis of the CO2 emissions and the list price, is €6,457.29 (61,750 x 6/7 x ((156-89) x 0.1) + 5.5%).

Tax deductibility of the vehicle for corporation tax

For the BMW 318d in the examples above, the non-deductible amount would increase by €341.50 (2,008.80 x 17%). This leads to an increase of €116.07 in corporation tax. For the BMW X5, the increase would be €1,097.74 (6,457.29 x 17%), which would lead to an increase of €373.12 in corporation tax.

And what about mileage expenses?

An employee who does not have a company car and who claims expenses from the employer for business travel in his or her own car does not have to include these expenses in their personal income tax return, on condition that the employer pays EUR 0.3412 per kilometre (for the period 01/07/2015 - 30/06/2016). If you pay higher mileage expenses, you must justify this to the tax authorities. Otherwise the surplus will be taxed as pay.

Benefits in kind and disallowed expenses

The tax on the company car is divided between the employees and the employers. If a company provides the benefit in kind, it must include 17% of the benefit in the disallowed expenses. The disallowed expenses therefore include: 17% x 6/7 x list price x CO2 percentage.

It's important to realise that the company must always pay tax on the benefits in kind. No deductions may be applied to the amount included in the disallowed expenses. Accordingly, this amount is always the minimum tax base.

This amount included in the disallowed expenses comes on top of the existing deduction restriction for car expenses. However, the value of the benefits in kind may still be deducted from the non-deductible car expenses.

Article

02.05.2022

Opt for a more sustainable mobility offer thanks to bicycle leasing

Sustainability isn't a hype – it's a must. The transition is also in full swing in terms of mobility. With bicycle leasing, you offer your employees a high-quality bicycle package and choose a more sustainable mobility offer. And it's tax efficient.

Cycling to work is popular

Not only our way of working has become hybrid; so too has the way we travel to work. More and more people are seeing the benefits of cycling to work, whether or not electric. An e-bike or speed pedelec is no longer just a gadget. Thanks to these, you can now comfortably cycle longer distances. So, bicycles are certainly part of a sustainable mobility policy. Bicycle leasing allows you to offer your employees a healthy and sporty option that reduces your organisation’s carbon footprint.

How does bicycle leasing work?

Bicycle leasing is much more than just financing bicycles. Maintenance, repairs, breakdown service and insurance are all included in the package. With Bike Lease, our mobility partner Arval offers an operational, full-service solution for 36 months. With over 120 brands and all types of bicycles, the range is extensive: city bikes, sports bikes, e-bikes, speed pedelecs, mountain bikes, folding bikes, etc. Your employees choose the bicycle that suits them best. An annual maintenance budget is provided for maintenance and repair by professionals. Bike Lease also includes indemnity for accidents, theft and vandalism of the bicycle with a fixed excess based on the value of the lease bike. And finally, a 24/7 breakdown service is provided within 45 minutes, anywhere in Belgium.

Good for everyone

Including bicycles in your mobility offer offers both your company and your employees many advantages.

  • Tax-efficient

The leasing costs are deductible for your company if your employees use their bikes to commute. By using this bike to commute, they avoid a taxable benefit in kind.

  • Healthy

Cycling makes healthier and fitter employees who suffer less from stress. And your company benefits from this as well.

  • Affordable

A bicycle is a cheaper alternative or complement to a company car for short to medium-distance trips. You save on fuel, maintenance and parking costs. It also allows you to offer mobility to a wider target group.

  • Flexible

Once your employees have chosen a type of bicycle, they decide for themselves when they pedal to work. Through all kinds of weather, when the sun is shining or when there are too many traffic jams and a bicycle is the perfect alternative to a car. They can also enjoy their bikes in their free time.

  • Sustainable

A bicycle has of course a low ecological footprint and fits perfectly in a sustainable mobility policy. By offering your employees a bicycle, your company emits less CO2 and your organisation becomes more socially responsible.

Are you open to including bicycles in your mobility offer? Your relationship manager will be happy to explain the options to you. Please don't hesitate to contact us.
Operational leasing is offered by Arval Belgium SA/NV, with the intervention of BNP Paribas Fortis SA/NV – Montagne du Parc/Warandeberg 3, B-1000 Brussels, Brussels Register of Companies VAT BE0403.199.702.
The information provided here does not constitute an offer. An offer is made only after your file has been accepted and is always subject to Arval Belgium SA/NV's General Terms and Conditions.
Article

23.12.2021

Electric cars are gradually becoming the norm

As of 2026, a favourable tax regime will only apply to electric company cars. This is an important step towards more sustainable mobility – and an extra reason to go all out in greening your fleet.

The evolution towards a greening of company cars has now also been laid down by law. Thanks to a number of tax changes, electric company cars or e-cars will be the most interesting choice from now on. The perfect time to start electrifying your fleet already today.

The tax deductibility for newly ordered non-emission-free vehicles (diesel, petrol and hybrid cars) will gradually be phased out. Up to 2026, however, this will be 100% for emission-free vehicles (purely electric or hydrogen-powered cars). Afterwards, this deductibility will gradually decrease to 67.5% by 2031.

Electric driving isn’t just more tax-efficient

Electric cars are already 100% tax-deductible. And yet most fleets aren't really green yet. One reason is that the purchase price of an electric or hybrid car is considerably higher than that of a comparable car with a combustion engine. There’s been a noticeable evolution here due to the market mechanism, though, and prices are now less far apart.

But the purchase price isn’t the only factor to consider. In making this choice, it’s actually better to look at the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership). This includes all expected costs: consumption, maintenance, CO2 contribution and tax deductibility. And these four elements are all more favourable for electric cars. If you use the TCO rather than purchase price as a yardstick, you’ll see that a green fleet of e-cars will be the most advantageous choice for your company in the future.

Progressive switch

Even though electric driving is the future and it’s clearly time for a new mobility, the tax scheme for cars powered by fossil fuel won’t change overnight.

  • Until 30 June 2023
    For company cars ordered before 1 July 2023, the current conditions regarding tax deductibility will continue to apply. For company cars that are leased or rented operationally and for which the beneficial ownership is not transferred, the closing date of the lease or rental contract is considered. The costs of a diesel, petrol or hybrid car remain 50 to 100% deductible, while the costs of electric cars remain 100% deductible.
  • Between 1 July 2023 and 31 December 2025
    For non-emission-free vehicles ordered as of 1 July 2023 until 31 December 2025, a transition period will apply, and the deductibility is gradually phased out. From a maximum of 75% in 2025, to 50% in 2026, to 25% in 2027, and ultimately 0% deductibility in 2028. As of 2025 the minimal deductibility of 50% is abolished. The CO2 contribution for these cars will also increase significantly each year. Emission-free cars will remain 100% deductible.
  • As of 1 January 2026 onwards
    Non-emission-free vehicles ordered as of 1 January 2026 will no longer be deductible. Only emission-free vehicles such as electric cars will then be 100% deductible. But this favourable scheme will also be gradually phased out over the next few years, to 95% for vehicles ordered in 2027, to 90% in 2028, to 82.5% in 2029, 75% in 2030 and eventually to 67.5% in 2031.
  • Plug-in hybrids (PHEV)
    For plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) ordered as of 1 January 2023, the tax deductibility of petrol and diesel costs will be limited to 50%. Electricity and other costs are not covered by this restriction. This measure is designed to encourage the use of electric motors and PHEV. Otherwise, PHEVs will continue to follow the non-emission-free vehicle rules.

And for your employees?

If you allocate a company car that your employee can also use privately, this benefit will be taxed as a fixed benefit in kind that depends on the list price and CO2 emissions and the fuel type. The status of the company car as an alternative remuneration will remain in place until after 2030. For the time being, therefore, nothing will change in the benefit in kind of the company car with respect to the employee. Although electric vehicles generally have a higher list price, zero emissions can make up for the difference and in many cases, turn out favourably for your employee.

What about charging?

To help your employees make the most of an electric car, you can have a charging station installed at their home if possible. Both the device and the installation at your employee's home are 100% tax deductible and there is no additional tax benefit for them.

As a company, you can, under certain conditions, benefit from an increased cost deduction for the installation of charging stations on your company premises. This amounts to 200% for investments made in the period from 1 September 2021 to 31 December 2022 and 150% for depreciations relating to investments made in the period from 1 January 2023 to 31 August 2024. A condition is that the charging station is depreciated linearly over at least five taxable periods and at the earliest as of the fiscal year that is linked to the taxable period during which the charging station is operational and publicly accessible.

Switch to an electric fleet

In addition to favourable tax conditions, there are many other excellent reasons to opt for electric cars today.

  • It is an environmentally friendly solution that leads to 17-30% less CO2 emissions than the emissions from ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) vehicles throughout the entire life cycle of the vehicle.
  • A wide range of new models is already on the market today and will only increase in the coming years.
  • Most new models already have a driving range of 300 to 600 km.
  • Advantageous Total Cost of Ownership (TCO).
  • Electric driving is pleasant and causes much less street noise.
  • The public charging infrastructure is expanding rapidly.
  • Access to low-emission zones and cities that ban diesel vehicles.

Nowadays, responsible fleet management is built around sustainability. Don't wait any longer to electrify your fleet and reduce your company’s ecological footprint. Our mobility partner Arval will help you to green your fleet and support you in your transition to electric vehicles.

Discover all our solutions or discuss them with your relationship manager.

Article

10.02.2021

What is the future for mobility post-coronavirus?

The health and economic crisis has affected all aspects of every sector. Among them, mobility, for both private individuals and for companies.

Mobility is evolving every day. And it has been driven further as a result of the coronavirus crisis. Many people have been locked down and working from home has been widespread in many parts of the world.

The coronavirus crisis has changed concerns about transport

We are no longer moving around in the same way. And concerns are no longer the same. According to a BCG Consulting report, social distancing and vehicle cleanliness are the most important aspects for 41% and 39% of respondents, respectively, when choosing a mode of transport. There is also pre- and post-Covid mobility, with respondents being more likely to choose walking, their own bicycle or scooter, or their car than before the crisis.

Sustainable and alternative mobility in the years to come

Mobility has not necessarily waited for the coronavirus crisis in order to evolve. And, according to the same report, the share of more environmentally-friendly vehicles will continue to increase. By 2035, more than 35% of new vehicles will be electric cars, becoming the predominant form of motorised transport worldwide. Autonomous cars will also become more common, with 10% of vehicles being level 4 vehicles (able to travel without a driver, for example), and 65% level 2 or higher.

Customised mobility for employees, right now

The future of mobility is also relevant now, especially for businesses and the self-employed. The need for alternative modes of transport does not only concern private individuals, but also employees. There is no longer a single mode of transport for all situations, but a range of means depending on the need at a given moment. Electric cars, hybrid vehicles, electric bicycles, a public transport season ticket, car sharing, leasing, etc. These modes can take different forms and be combined in a mobility card, for example. There are benefits for the employees and managers of a company but also for the company itself through cost reduction, optimisation and fleet management.

Want to know more about sustainable and alternative mobility for you and your employees?
Find out more about our tailor-made mobility solutions
Article

28.01.2021

The road to alternative mobility

Nowadays, responsible fleet management is built around sustainability. We're here to help you identify and realise your Corporate Social Responsibility ambitions.

Together we can cut your company's carbon footprint, improve employee mobility, and make sure these steps become a central pillar of your company's added value. In short, our aim is to have an alternative mobility policy.

Energy transition

We can help you make the switch to alternative mobility and new technologies to reduce your carbon footprint. Our SMaRT approach ensures your fleet has the best energy mix to match your strategy and driver profiles.

Alternative mobility needs new technologies to go hand in hand with new infrastructure. That's why we offer not only electric cars, but also the right charging solutions, too. As part of our integrated service provision we can determine how many charging points you need, install them, and manage how they are used both at the workplace and at the driver's home.

Soft mobility

Modern mobility management is about more than just cars or vans. You need a 360-degree approach. We'll work with you to determine your mobility strategy and needs. Greener cars are just one of the options available. We have a number of mobility management solutions (such as the Mobility Card) and alternative mobility solutions (such as bicycle leasing) to inspire your organisation to offer a more flexible range.

Focus on employees

When you put your employees at the heart of your organisation, you're in a better position to find skilled employees, satisfy them, and retain them. Go a step further than just an alternative mobility solution: focus on their safety and let them play an active role in achieving your sustainability goals. Trust us to improve their safety and integrate new technologies.

Operational leasing is offered by Arval Belgium SA/NV, with the intervention of BNP Paribas Fortis SA/NV – Montagne du Parc/Warandeberg 3, B-1000 Brussels, Brussels Register of Companies VAT BE0403.199.702.
Promotion only available from Thursday 21 January up to and including Wednesday 31 March 2021 and is only available to professional clients (self-employed, liberal professionals and SMEs) of BNP Paribas Fortis and Fintro.
The information provided here does not constitute an offer. An offer is made only after your file has been accepted and is always subject to Arval Belgium SA/NV's General Terms and Conditions.

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